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翻译时请中英对照进行发布,方便大家查看。期待大家踊跃参与,相互探讨!


Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

问:学霸们有什么特殊的学习技巧?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

我很聪明,但学的很慢。我见过一些人,他们学起东西来非常快,对待新知识有自己独特的技巧和态度。但是我区分不了,你可以吗?


Answered by Will Stern

Will Sern的回复:

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我从事网页开发工作长达16年,不得不学习无数的新技术。这20年来的大部分时间里,我还教人弹吉他、做平面设计和编辑视频。因此我学到了一些十分有效的方法,能帮助大家快速学习新事物。

Drown your way to swimming.

学习要破釜沉舟。

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

不要从底层出发,要从最顶端开始。找到你所在领域最优秀的人,关注他们说了什么。如果因为他们的层次太高,你不能理解他们的话,那就多听听他们是怎么说的,上谷歌(Google)搜一下他们说的专业术语,直到你真的能够理解他们的世界。跟世界上最出色的人作比较,而不是你的同侪。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

让自己处于一种远远超出你能力范围的环境,找一份你很可能应聘不上的工作……失败的面试经历能让你获得非常宝贵的信息,让你了解在你想进入的领域中,人们都看重些什么。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

抓住一切可以和大牛接触的机会。迷上做“凤尾”的感觉。如果你成了最棒的那个,那就跳槽去一个你不再是最优秀的新环境工作。

Refuse to learn without doing.

切忌光学不做。

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

不要光读教你如何写代码的博客,而要自己动手敲代码,或者模仿其中的范例。

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes—this will lock in information.

听讲座的时候,笔记要尽可能详实——这能帮助你牢记信息。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

注:研究表明,有选择性地做更多笔记能促使你的大脑处理信息并记得更牢。(来源:研究发现,动手做笔记有助于回忆)

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

开始写博客。把你正在学习的有价值的信息传播给其他人。

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

教别人能帮你整合所学,由繁化简,从而更好地理解所学知识。此外,任何与这些知识点相关的人际互动——评论、辩论、指正,都会加深你的记忆。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

短时间、高频率地练习,而不是反之。

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

每天练十分钟吉他的学生,弹得会比每周练两个小时的学生好很多。后者只是每周重复学习大致相同的内容,然后下周又忘了。你的大脑对第一件事和最后一件事的印象最深刻,所以一定要简要回顾每个“学习阶段”中的要点。


以上翻译主要来自江南张少leochsq


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回复 Sonia_n:

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?
问:学霸有什么特殊的学习技巧?
I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?
哥很聪明,但哥是个学渣。哥曾经见过有些学霸因为某些技巧而学习很快,有的学霸还有对学习的不同态度。但是哥没法说出来这有啥区别。你能吗?
Answered by Will Stern
来自威尔·斯特尔的回答
I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:
本学霸已经在一个网页开发公司工作16年了。在这16年里,哥已经学会了数不胜数的新技术。哥在20年中较多的时间里,还已经成为了一个吉他弹奏着,图表设计员,录像编辑教师。因此,哥学到了一些帮助别人快速学习的很有效的办法
Drown your way to swimming.
淹死你的游泳方式
Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.
不要在底部开始,要在顶端。找到在某个领域内最牛叉的人,然后听从他说的话。如果你因为他们领先你太多而听不懂他们的话,试试下面的办法——多听他们的话,搜索他们的术语,知道你能理解他们生活的世界。将你的工作与世界上最好的那个人比较,而不是与你平等的人相比


没有加入小组
回复 Sonia_n:

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

问:学霸们都执行着什么学习策略?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

我虽然聪明但却是个学渣。我见过一些学习东西很快的人,他们对待将学习的新知识总有不同的方法或态度,但我实在无法理解,你能吗?

Answered by Will Stern

Will Stern 的回答。

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我在 Web 开发部门呆过 16 年,学过很多新技能。在这 20 年的大部分时间里,我还是一个吉他、平面设计&视频编辑老师。最终,我学会了一些非常有效的能帮助他人快速学习新东西的方法。

Drown your way to swimming.

淹没你前进的道路,游泳挣扎吧。

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

不要等到最后才开始学习,现在就可以开始了。找到你的领域里最优秀的人,听听他们怎么说的。如果你因为跟他们差距太大而听不懂他们在说什么,继续听下去,直到你能理解他们的「世界」(可以利用搜索引擎了解一些术语的意思)。跟地球上最优秀的人对比成绩,而不是跟你的同龄人比。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

把自己置于「险境」中。找一份你或许无法胜任的工作。失败的面试会给你提供宝贵的信息,例如在同领域上你需要成为哪种人,实现哪些价值。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

珍惜和大亨们交流的机会。享受你在团队里是能力最弱的那个感觉。不过当你感觉你难有长进了,再找一个新去处,找一份新工作。

Refuse to learn without doing.

拒绝无实践的学习。

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

不要仅仅阅读一个「教你如何编程」的博客而不实践/模仿操作每个实例。

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information.

如果你要听讲座,做非必要却复杂的笔记,这会加深你对信息的印象。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

注:研究表明做更多有选择的笔记能让你更好地理清信息并记住它们。(用手做笔记什么什么的不懂啊)

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

开始写博客。传播你正在学习的有价值的信息给他人。

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

通过「教授他人」这个简单的步骤能强迫你自己理清知识脉络,提高你对知识的理解。此外,他人对此知识的互动(评论、讨论、纠正)能使你对知识加深印象。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

频繁又短暂的练习比不频繁又长时间的学习更有效。

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

一个每天练习 10 分钟吉他的学生会比一个每星期仅仅一次 2 小时练习的学生学得更好。后者只会每个星期学一次,然后忘记了,然后下个星期再学一次同样的东西。你的大脑总会清晰地记住学习的首末,所以请确保你每次学习的每个部分都包含你想要记住的东西。


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回复 Sonia_n:

翻译时请中英对照进行发布,方便大家查看。期待大家踊跃参与,相互探讨!**...

很好


没有加入小组
回复 Sonia_n:

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

学霸都用什么学习方法?

我很聪明但学习得很慢,我看见一些学东西很快的人有对新事物不同的态度和学习方法但我不能清楚的单独说出这些东西,你能吗?

Answered by Will Stern

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我早在16岁就进入网络开发行业然后不可不学习无数的新科技。我也成为二十年来教弹吉他,平面设计和视屏编辑的老师。因此,我已有一些有效率的帮助人们快速学会新东西的方法。

Drown your way to swimming.

能让你淹死的游泳方式(适得其反的方法)

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

不要在低谷开始,而是要在巅峰开始。找到一个在这个领域最出色的人然后听从他的话。因为他们比你造诣更高所以有可能你不能理解他们的话。更多的倾听他们——上网搜索他们的专业术语——知道你们理解这个他们生活的环境。比较世界上与你有相同工作但做到最好的人,而不是你的同事。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

让你自己在一个比现在的你更优秀的环境。申请一个你可能不会被录取的工作……失败的面试将给你非常宝贵的信息比如你想成为什么样在赛场上的人。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

和比自己更优秀的人相处你会得到一些机会。你会沉浸在成为团队里最差的人的这一种感觉中。如果你成为团队中最好的,找到一个新的工作地点。

Refuse to learn without doing.

不要光说不做

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

不要读一篇叫如何不动手就可以编码的博客——复制每一个例子。

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information.

若果你听一篇讲座,做不必要的复杂笔记——它会限制你的信息。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

注册一个博客。传播你学会的有价值的信息给其他人

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

这个简单的知识传播将让你拥有的简单水平的知识得到更好的理解。另外,一些人互相普及着知识——评论,博弈,错误,将导致这些知识在你记忆中难以磨灭。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

短时间练习,但比长时间练习频率更快

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

一位学吉他每天练习弹吉他十分钟的学生将会进步得比一个每个周末练习两个小时的学生快。后者只会保持每周再学习的同样的东西,然后下个星期就忘记它。你的大脑最容易记住第一个和最后一个,所以确保会以每一个你想记住是最重要的事的“学习部分”。


zzz 管理员
回复 Sonia_n:

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

问题:学霸们都有什么特殊的学习技巧?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

我很聪明,但学的很慢。我见过一些人,他们学起东西来非常快,对待新知识有一套独特的技巧和态度。但是我区分不了,你可以吗?

Answered by Will Stern

来自威尔·斯特恩的回答

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我从事网页开发行业长达16年,接触过无数新技术。这20年来的大部分时间,我同时也是一名吉他手,平面设计兼视频编辑老师。因此,我掌握了一些有效的方法,来帮助人们更快地学习新知识。

Drown your way to swimming

.淹没前方的路,让自己游泳挣扎

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

不要从底层出发,要从最顶端开始。找到这一领域最优秀的人,听从他们的建议。如果你不理解他们的话,那是因为这超出了你的理解范围。多听他们是怎么说的——(如果不明白)谷歌搜索他们的专业术语——直到你能够理解他们所存在的世界。将你自己与这个世界上最优秀的人作比较,而不是你的同侪。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

将你置于一个超出能力范围的环境,申请一份你可能永远无法得到的工作……失败的面试将会提供你无价的信息,有关人们是如何评价你想进入的领域。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

抓住一切可以和大牛接触的机会,喜欢上成为团队中最差成员的感觉。如果你成为了最棒的,那就跳槽去一个你不再是最优秀的新环境工作。

Refuse to learn without doing.

勿知而不行

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

不要读那些关于如何不用动手敲代码或者复制案例就能编程的文章

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information.

如果你听讲座,做一些不必要的复杂笔记——这能帮助你牢记信息。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

注:研究表明,做更多有选择的笔记会促使你更好地处理信息并记住它。《研究者发现,动手做笔记有助于回忆》

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

开始写博客,与他人分享你正在学习的有价值的信息。

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

教这一行为会促使你把知识处理到相当简单的程度以极大地加深你的理解。另外,人们有关知识之间的互动:评论、辩论、修改,会加深你的记忆程度。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

更短更频繁的练习,而非更长更不频繁

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

每天练习10分钟的吉他学生,会比每周一次练习2小时的学生做得好地多。后者只是每周纯粹地保持重复内容的再学习,下一周又忘记上周所学。你的脑子会尽力记住第一个和最后一个东西,因此确保重述每个学习章节中那些你想记住的最重要的内容。


没有加入小组
回复 Sonia_n:

翻译时请中英对照进行发布,方便大家查看。期待大家踊跃参与,相互探讨!**...

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

学霸们有什么特殊的学习技巧?

我很聪明,可学起来却很慢。我见过一些学东西很快的人,他们对新事物有与众不同的方法和态度。但是我没法清楚的分辨出这些不同之处。你能吗?

Answered by Will Stern

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我已经在网络开发行业呆了16年,也学到了无数的新技术。在20年里的大部分时间,我还是个教吉他,图形设计和视频编辑的老师。因此,我学到了一些有效的能帮助人们快速学习新东西的方法。

Drown your way to swimming.

强迫自己在淹没的路上游泳。

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

不要从底层出发,要从顶层开始。。找到这个领域最棒的人,并且听从他们的话。如果不能理解他们的话,那是因为他们的话超出了你的理解范围。那就更多的听他们说的话,上网查他们的术语,直到你能理解他们的世界。把你的工作和世界上最优秀的人比较,而不是你的同事。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

把自己放在超出自己能力的地方。去申请一个你可能得不到的工作。失败的面试会提供无价的信息,关于在你想去的领域中人们所看重的东西。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

抓住一切可以和大牛一起共事的机会。要沉醉于成为团队中最差的成员的感觉。如果你成了最棒的,那就去找一个你不再是最优秀的新地方工作。

Refuse to learn without doing.

要在做中学

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

不要读教你不用动手敲代码或者复制例子就能学习编程的博客。

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information.

如果你去听讲座,记一些不必要的复杂笔记,这会让你记住信息。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

编辑:研究表明,记更多的选择性笔记会让你处理信息并且记得更牢。

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

开始写博客。把你学到的有价值的信息传播给其他人。

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

教这个简单的行为会使你将信息处理到一个简单的级别,这么做会极大提高你对这些知识的理解。此外,围绕知识的人际互动,比如评论,讨论和修改,会让知识更牢得储存在你的记忆中。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

更短的练习时间和更高的练习频率比长时间低频率要好。

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

一个学吉他的学生每天练十分钟会比一周只练一次,一次练两小时的效果要好得多。后者每周仅仅是再学一次大致相同的东西,然后下一周又忘记了。你的大脑总是对第一件和最后一件事记忆最深刻,所以你要保证重复你想要记住的每个部分的要点。


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回复 Sonia_n:

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

学霸们都有什么特殊的学习技巧?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

我很聪明,但是学东西比较慢。我曾经见过一些学习很快的人,他们对于学习这些新的东西都有着不同的方法和态度。但是我不知道如何去分辨他们的差别,你能帮助我吗?

Answered by Will Stern

Will Stern 回答道:

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我已经在网络开发这个行业里做了16年,在这期间我需要去学习大量的新技术。我也是一个教别人弹吉他,做图片设计和视频编辑的老师,我做这些有20年了。所以我领悟到了一些能够有效的帮助别人去更快的学习新东西的方法:

Drown your way to swimming.

在比你身高更深的地方游泳。

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

不要从底层开始,从最高层开始。去找这些领域里最棒的人,并听从他们说的话。如果你不能理解他们说的话,是因为他们说的话超出了你可以理解的范围。正因为如此,你才需要去更多地听,去查他们所说的那些术语,直到你可以理解他们生活的世界。不要和你的同事去比较你的工作,而是和世界上最优秀的那些人比较。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

把你自己放在一个超过你自己理解范围的地方,去应聘你可能无法得到的工作。那些失败的面试经历会给你提供无价的信息,那些你想要进入的领域的人所看重的东西。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

在你有机会的时候,你要去跟那些牛人们一起。让自己对于处在在一个团队的底层感到上瘾。如果你成为了那个团队中最棒的,那么你需要去找一个所有人都比你更好的地方。

Refuse to learn without doing.

不要只学理论知识,要能动手实践

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

在你尝试去把每一项代码都写出来之前,不要去读那些教你怎么写代码的博客。

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information.

如果你去听讲座,把一些不必要的信息记下来,这样会让你记得更牢。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

编辑:研究表明,选择性得记笔记会让你的大脑去处理这些信息并且记的更牢。研究同时表明,在笔记本上写笔记会让你更容易地把内容回忆出来。

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

去写博客,把你学到地有价值的东西分享给别人。

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

去教别人你学到的东西会让你对这些东西理解的更深。另外,任何有关于你所学到的知识的东西,评论,辩论,纠错,都会让你记的更牢。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

做持续时间短,高重复率的练习。

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

一个每天练习吉他10分钟的学生会做的远远比每周只练两个小时的学生好。后者只是每周再学一次大概相同的东西,然后到下一周又忘记了。你的大脑总是对第一件事和最后一件事有最深刻的印象,所以要保证重复去学习那些你想要记住的每一个重点。


回复 锥希:

Q: What learning strategies do people wh...

内牛满面,最近好忙总是来不及看大家的翻译,我会尽快过来看看的~先鼓掌欢迎咯!


回复 Sonia_n:

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow? 学霸们有什么特殊的学习技巧?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you? 我很聪明但学习很慢。我看过很多学习很快的人通过不同方法和不同态度学习新事物,但我很难明确把其区分出来,你能吗?

Answered by Will Stern Will Stern回答

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly: 我在网络开发产业共做了16年,且学习了不可计数的新科技方法。我同时还是一个吉他手,图片设计师,视频校对老师快20年了。因此,我学习到一些非常高效的方式去帮助人们更快地学习新的事物。

Drown your way to swimming. 从有挑战的高度出发。

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers. 别从底部开始,从顶部开始。找到这个领域最棒的人,并跟随他们的做法。如果你因为他们的话超出你的理解范围而无法理解。你要更多地倾听他们的话--百度他们的术语--直到你确实了解他们生活的世界(彻底搞懂他们讲的是啥)。要把你的工作和最好的人比,不是和你的同类比。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on. 把你自己放在你自己难以理解(即比你水平高)的地方。申请一些你可能无法得到的工作,失败的面试将提供无价的信息--那些你想进入的领域内的人们所重视的信息。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore. “和大孩子玩(比你优秀的人的比喻)”--多争取这些机会。沉溺于那种是整个团队里最差的那个人的感觉。如果你一旦成为最优秀,就找一个新的地方(那里你不再是最优秀的人)去工作。

Refuse to learn without doing. 拒绝缺少实践的学习。

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example. 不要阅读那些关于如何去拒绝手动编码而仅是复制每个例子的编码的博客。(?)

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information. 如果你去听讲座,记下不必要的复杂注解--这样可以接收紧且掌握信息。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find 注释:科学研究表明选择性地记笔记可以让你加工处理信息而且更好地记住它。科学家发现用手记笔记利于回忆。

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others. 开始写博客。散播你从别人身上学到的有价值的信息。

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory. 利用去教导别人这种简单的行为可以让你去处理知识到一个简单的境界--此境界大大地提高了你的理解。加之,人们关于某知识的相互作用--如评论、争辩、纠错改对将使此知识深深锁入你的记忆。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently. 短而频繁的练习优于长期而偶尔的练习。 (和背单词的道理一样)

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember. 一个每天弹十分钟吉他的学生会比另一个一周只弹一次两小时吉他的学生效果要好得多。后者将简单地重复学习几乎主要是相同的事情一周一次,然后下周又忘记了。你的大脑记忆第一件和最后一件事情最牢,因此需确保重述重复每个“短期学习”中最重要的你最想要记住的要点。


回复 Sonia_n:

翻译时请中英对照进行发布,方便大家查看。期待大家踊跃参与,相互探讨!**...

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

问:求助,学东西怎么才能学得快呐?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

说实话,我很聪明,但我学什么都很慢。我见过好些人学东西非常快,而他们总有着不同寻常的学习方法和态度,我好想学习下他们的策略。有人能告诉我吗?

Answered by Will Stern

回答者:威廉·斯特恩

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我干了16年的网页开发工作了,这期间,我不断接触新技术,又不断掌握它们。这十多年来,我还教人弹吉他、做图表设计和编辑视频。拜此所赐,我总结出了几条方法,帮助大家快速学会新东西:

Drown your way to swimming.

学习要破釜沉舟。[个人注:其实成语要慎用,一时想不到其他表达。]

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

起点定高点,向最牛的人学习,好好听听他们的方法。一开始你可能听不懂他们说的是什么,不要紧,只是因为你还没接触到他们那个世界。多上谷歌查查,先弄清他们说的那些术语,再一步步向他们的世界靠拢。总结起来就是:别跟同龄人去比,那没意思。多向站在金字塔尖的那群人学习。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

一定要“好高骛远 [译者注:这里非贬义]”,比如去申请没什么把握的工作岗位......失败是在所难免的,但你能获得宝贵的信息,了解你还缺哪些素养。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

尽量多“跟前辈待一块”[个人注:没查,估计理解有偏差]。别怕自己是最差的那个,不如说,最好迷上这种感觉。等你攀上第一的“高峰”,就换个更厉害点的地方待吧,然后再从凤尾变成鸡头。如此反复。

Refuse to learn without doing.

切忌光学不做。

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

想编码就自己动手编,不要上博客直接把代码复制过来就完事。

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information.

听讲座不要什么都记,记重点就好。杂乱无章的笔记传达不了什么信息。

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

注:研究表明,选择性记笔记迫使你对信息进行加工,从而更好地保存讲话者传达的信息。来源:《研究发现——动手记笔记便于回忆》。

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

写写博客,告诉他人你学到了什么有用的东西。

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

教东西会帮助你整合所学,由繁化简,从而更好地理解所学知识。此外,任何知识层面的社交活动——如评论、辩论和指正等都能让你对所涉及的知识劳刻心底。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

练习(如吉他)要重频率,而非重单次时长,不要三天打鱼两天晒网。

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

每天抽10分钟弹一弹吉他,也绝对比每周弹一次(就算弹上2小时)要好多了。因为后者只是每周在重复学习上周的内容,过了一周立马又忘了。学东西时,人们记得最牢的往往是开头和结尾的部分,所以切记不断翻新自己的“知识储备周期”,以便记住最重要的内容。


回复 Sonia_n:

个人觉得,quick learner并不一定是学霸


回复 ♫贪狼:

个人觉得,quick learner并不一定是学霸...

请叫我标题党 =、=

唉……我会尽快赶上Quora这边的进度的


回复 Sonia_n:

请叫我标题党 =、=唉……我会尽快赶上Quora这边的进度的!...

加油


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回复 Sonia_n:

翻译时请中英对照进行发布,方便大家查看。期待大家踊跃参与,相互探讨!**...

顶一下,先看着。。。


回复 Sonia_n:

顶起来,不能沉


回复 鸟倦飞:

顶起来,不能沉...

QAQ,我没有忘掉这一篇,我会看的!!


回复 Sonia_n:

QAQ,我没有忘掉这一篇,我会看的!!...

我只是站一层,等有点时间了就来翻。


回复 Sonia_n:

Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow?

Q:学霸们有什么特殊的学习技巧?

I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

我不笨,却是个学渣。我看到那些学霸们学起新事物来都有独到的方法和风格,但是我形容不出来,有人可以说说看吗?


Answered by Will Stern

Will Stern的回答

I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我在网站开发这一行做了16年,期间学习了不计其数的新技术。在过去的十几年中我还教别人弹吉他,教别人做图像设计,还有视频剪辑。因此,我学到了一些非常有效的帮助人们提高学习效率的方法。

Drown your way to swimming.

游泳是从上往下扎进水里的

Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

不要从底部开始学习,从顶部开始。找到在该领域内非常杰出的人,按照他们说的做。如果因为他们的层次太高,你不能理解他们所说的,你就需要利用谷歌之类的搜索引擎查询他们的用辞,花更多的时间听他们说,直到你能明白他们的世界。要与那些最出色的人做比较,而非跟你差不多水品的人。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

将自己放在更高的层次,申请那些你不大可能获得的工作。。。失败的面试会给你珍贵的经验,让你知道在该领域人们看重什么样的素质。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

永远争取与精英一道。要喜欢上“我就是这个团队里面最差的那个”这种感觉。如果你已经成为了最棒的那个人,就去寻找一份更有挑战性的工作。

Refuse to learn without doing.

不光要学,还要亲手去做

Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example.

光读一篇教你怎样写代码的博客是不够的,你还要自己亲手去写,或者去模仿其中的范例

If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information.

在听讲座的时候,尽可能多记点笔记,尽管看起来有些没有必要,但是它们会帮助你将知识记得更牢

Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

编辑:研究表明有选择性地更多地记笔记会让你去处理接受到的信息从而记得更牢。用笔作记录有助于回忆。

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others.

开通自己的博客,将自己学到的有用的知识分享给其他人

The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

教授别人可以让你回顾自己所学,更好地理解它们掌握它们。另外,围绕知识所进行的与他人之间的互动,像评论,争论或者改正错误都可以增进你对这些知识的记忆

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently.

进行短时长高频度的练习,而非相反

A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

一个每天练习10分钟的吉他新手与每星期集中进行2小时练习的人相比会取得更快的进步。集中练习的人只是在每个星期重复学习相同的东西,到了下个星期就又忘了。我们的大脑对开头和结尾接触的事物印象最深,所以你应该确保将最想记住的重要知识留在这2个学习时段内学习。


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回复 Sonia_n:

翻译时请中英对照进行发布,方便大家查看。期待大家踊跃参与,相互探讨!**...

【真心求教诸位】 Q: What learning strategies do people who are "quick learners" follow? I am smart but a slow learner, I have seen people who learn things quickly have a different approach to new things and a different attitude but I can't clearly tell these things apart. Can you?

“快速学习者”都有哪些学习技巧? 我不笨但我学习速度很慢。我看见一些人,他们学习新事物很快,且有一套与众不同方法,但我不知道是什么。你能告诉我吗?

Answered by Will Stern I've been in the web development industry for 16 years and have had to learn countless new technologies. I've also been a guitar, graphic design & video editing teacher for the better part of 2 decades. As a result, I've learned some very efficient ways to help people learn new things quickly:

我已从事网页开发工作16年,期间我学习无数新技能。我当过吉他手、干过图形设计、教过视频剪辑。结果就是我学会了很多有效方法帮助别人快速学习新事物。

Drown your way to swimming. Don't start at the bottom, start at the top. Find the very best person in the field and follow what they say. If you don't understand their words because they're over your head. Listen to them more - Google their terminologies - until you do understand the world they live in. Compare your work to the best on earth, not to your peers.

一头“栽进”水里 不要从最低端开始学,从顶端开始学,向该领域最厉害人学习,按照他说的做。如果你不能理解他们的话,这很正常,因为他们在这领域本来就比你出色。多听,多搜索,直到你有天理解了他们的世界。和你所在领域全世界最厉害的人作对比,而不是和同龄人做对比。

Put yourself in a place that's way over your head. Apply for a job that you probably won't get ... The failed interview will provide invaluable information as to what people value on the playing field you want to be on.

把自己放在一个让你感到吃力的环境中。申请你可能得不到的工作。失败的面试能让你知道,你所想进的领域里的人看重什么,而这是无价的。

"Play with the big boys" any chance you get. Get addicted to the feeling of being the worst on the team. If you become the best, find a new place to work where you aren't anymore.

把握任何能和大佬们合作的机会。爱上“你在团队中是最差”的感觉。如果你是团队中最出色的,那么换个不是的地方吧。 Refuse to learn without doing. Don't read a blog on how to code without hand-coding/copying every example. If you listen to a lecture, take unnecessarily complex notes - this will lock in information. Edit: Research shows that taking more selective notes causes you to process the information and retain it better: Taking Notes by Hand Benefits Recall, Researchers Find

不动手,不学习 不要阅读那些只告诉你方法,却不给你实践或是一味让你模仿的博客。 如果你去听讲座,多做笔记,它帮你更好记住信息。 补充:研究表明多做笔记能让你更好加工并记住信息,同时表明:手写笔记能帮助记忆。

Start a blog. Disseminate the valuable information you're learning to others. The simple act of teaching will cause you to process the knowledge to a level of simplicity that greatly increases your understanding. Plus, any human interaction surrounding the knowledge - comments, arguments, corrections, will cause it to lock-in deeper into your memory.

开一个自己的博客。把自己学习到的知识传递给别人。 “教授”能精简你的知识,从而提高你的理解。另外,别人对你知识的反馈,包括评价、争论、指正都会加深你对的理解。

Practice shorter, but more frequently rather than longer, but less frequently. A guitar student who practices 10 minutes every day will do far better than one who plays 2 hours once a week. The latter will simply keep re-learning much of the same thing each week, forgetting it by the next week. Your brain remembers the first and last things the most, so make sure to recap each "learning session" with the most important things you want to remember.

短时多频而非多时短频。 一个每天练习10分钟吉他手的表现远远好于一个每周练习2小时吉他手的表现。后者只是在不断重复,不断忘记。你的大脑常对第一件事和最后一件事印象深刻,所以对于那些你想记住最重要的事,多回顾每个“学习期”。


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